|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Stockholders Equity Note [Abstract]|
NOTE 8 — STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Private placement — On September 11, 2013, the Company issued an aggregate of 3,020,501 units at a price of $2.50 per unit (the “Private Placement”). Each unit consisted of one share of common stock and one common stock warrant for the purchase of an additional share of common stock. The aggregate purchase price for the units was approximately $7.6 million. In addition, 300,000 warrants for the purchase of a share of common stock were issued to a broker under the same terms as the Private Placement transaction (the “Broker Warrants”).
The warrants issued in the Private Placement and the Broker Warrants entitle the holders thereof to purchase, at any time on or prior to September 11, 2018, shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.50 per share. The warrants contain non-standard anti-dilution protection and, consequently, are being accounted for as liabilities, were originally recorded at fair value, and are adjusted to fair market value each reporting period. Because the shares of common stock underlying the Private Placement warrants and Broker Warrants were not effectively registered for resale by September 11, 2014, the warrant holders have an option to exercise the warrants using a cashless exercise feature. The shares have not been registered for resale as of September 30, 2018. The availability to warrant holders of the cashless exercise feature as of September 11, 2014 caused the then-outstanding 2,225,036 Private Placement warrants and Broker Warrants with fair value of approximately $7.1 million to be reclassified from liability classified warrants to warrant derivative liabilities and to continue to be remeasured at fair value each reporting period. On June 10, 2014, certain warrant holders exercised 1,095,465 warrants issued in the Private Placement for the exercise price of $3.50 per share, resulting in the Company receiving aggregate exercise proceeds of $3.8 million and issuing 1,095,465 shares of common stock. Prior to exercise, these Private Placement warrants were accounted for at fair value as liability classified warrants. As of June 10, 2014, immediately prior to exercise, the carrying value of these Private Placement warrants was reduced to their fair value of $1.8 million, representing their intrinsic value, with this adjusted carrying value of $1.8 million being transferred to additional paid-in capital. Also on June 10, 2014, based on an offer made to holders of Private Placement warrants in connection with such exercises, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,095,465 replacement warrants to holders exercising Private Placement warrants, which replacement warrants have terms that are generally the same as the exercised warrants, including an expiration date of September 11, 2018 and an exercise price of $3.50 per share.
The replacement warrants are treated for accounting purposes as liability classified warrants, and their issuance gave rise to a $3.5 million warrant exercise inducement expense based on their fair value as of issuance as determined using a Binomial Monte-Carlo Cliquet (aka Ratchet) Option Pricing Model. Because the shares of common stock underlying the replacement warrants were not effectively registered for resale by June 10, 2015, the warrant holders have an option to exercise the warrants using a cashless exercise feature. The availability to warrant holders of the cashless exercise feature as of June 10, 2015 caused the then-outstanding 1,095,465 replacement warrants with fair value of approximately $2.5 million to be reclassified from liability classified warrants to warrant derivative liabilities and to continue to be remeasured at fair value each reporting period.
As of September 11, 2018, all of the Private Placement warrants, replacement warrants and Broker Warrants had been exercised primarily on a cashless basis or had expired.
Purchase Agreement with GPB—On December 29, 2017, the Company entered into the Purchase Agreement with GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC (“GPB”), pursuant to which the Company issued to GPB a $13 million principal amount senior secured convertible promissory note (the “GPB Note”) for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $12.5 million, which reflected a 4.0% original issue discount.
In connection with the issuance of the GPB Note, the Company also issued to GPB a warrant (the “GPB Warrant”) to purchase up to 240,674 of Company common stock at an exercise price of $10.80 per company share, with customary adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends and other recapitalization events and anti-dilution provisions set forth in the GPB Warrant. If the Company effects a public listing of common stock for trading on any securities market or exchange, whether through a direct listing application or merger transaction, at a price per share less than the exercise price, the exercise price will be adjusted on a one-time basis to a 10% premium to the dilutive issuance price and the number of shares issuable under the GPB Warrant will be increased on a full ratchet basis. The GPB Warrant became exercisable six months after issuance and has a term of five years after the initial exercise date.
In connection with the Purchase Agreement, the Company entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company has agreed to file a registration statement with SEC relating to the offer and sale by GPB of the common stock underlying the GPB Warrant within one hundred eighty (180) days of closing of a public listing of the Company’s Common Stock for trading on any national securities exchange (excluding any over-the-counter market), whether through a direct listing application or merger transaction. The Company is required to have the registration statement become effective on the earlier of (A) the date that is two-hundred and forty (240) days following the later to occur of (i) the date of closing of the public listing or (ii) or in the event the registration statement receives a “full review” by the Commission, the date that is 300 days following the date of closing of the public listing, or (B) the date which is within three (3) business days after the date on which the Commission informs the Company (i) that the Commission will not review the registration statement or (ii) that the Company may request the acceleration of the effectiveness of the registration statement. If the Company does not timely effect such registration, it will be required to pay GPB certain late payments specified in the Registration Rights Agreement.
In February 2018, the Company prepaid the GPB Note in full. Upon such prepayment, the Purchase Agreement and the Company’s obligations under the transaction documents entered into pursuant to the Purchase Agreement terminated except for the GPB Warrant and the Registration Rights Agreement.
Purchase Agreement with 10% senior secured debentures—In October 2018, the EMI sold and issued $12.2 million principal amount of 10% senior secured debentures and warrants to purchase an aggregate of up to 1,220,000 share of EMI common stock pursuant to a securities purchase agreement dated as of September 18, 2018 among EMI and limited number of accredited investors. The net proceeds of the sale of the debentures and warrants were used to fund EMI’s loan to EJ Holdings, Inc., a variable interest entity (“VIE”), reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
The debentures were amended and restated in their entirety in conjunction with the merger of the Company on July 17, 2019 as described in Note 12. As originally issued, the debentures bore interest at the rate of 10% per annum, payable monthly commencing November 1, 2018, and were to mature on April 21, 2020. The Company was to be obligated to redeem $1 million principal amount of debentures monthly, commencing in May 2019 and to redeem the debentures in full upon a “subsequent financing” of at least $20 million, subject to certain exceptions, or in the “event of default” (as defined). The Company’s obligations under the debentures were secured by a security interest in substantially all of our assets, except for certain pledged marketable securities, and are guaranteed by the U.S. subsidiaries, Emmaus Medical, Inc. and Newfield Nutrition Corporation.
The common stock purchase warrants also were amended and restated in their entirety in conjunction with the Merger. As originally issued, the common stock purchase warrants were exercisable for five years beginning April 22, 2019 at an initial exercise price of $11.30 per share, which was to be subject to reduction if EMI became a listed company or its common stock became listed or quoted on a trading market based upon the public offering price or “VWAP” of the common stock. The exercise price also was subject to adjustment in certain other customary circumstances.
T.R. Winston & Company, LLC acted as placement agent in connection with the sale of the debentures and warrants pursuant to an amended and restated fee agreement with us dated October 1, 2018. In accordance with the fee agreement, EMI paid T.R. Winston a cash fee equal to 5% of the gross proceeds received from the purchasers, granted T.R. Winston warrants to purchase up to 120,000 shares of EMI common stock on the same terms as the common stock purchase warrants sold to the purchasers and reimbursed T.R. Winston for certain legal fees and expenses.
Effective as of March 5, 2019, EMI entered into a securities amendment agreement with the debenture and warrant holders which amended in certain respects the original securities purchase agreement provided that the debentures and warrants were to be amended in certain respects and restated in their entirety immediately prior to and subject to the completion of the then-pending Merger.
Pursuant to the terms of the securities amendment agreement, (i) the debenture holders waived their right to the monthly redemption of $1,000,000 principal amount of the debentures that was due May 1, 2019 and their right to accelerate the repayment of the debentures in connection with the proposed Merger and (ii) the provision of the debentures requiring their mandatory redemption in connection with any “subsequent financing” was eliminated. The debenture holders subsequently waived their rights to the monthly redemptions due June 1 and July 1, 2019 respectively.
The amended and restated debentures provide that the mandatory monthly redemption of $1,000,000 principal amount thereof will commence in November 2019 and that they will mature on October 21, 2020, six months later than the original maturity date of the debentures. Unlike the debentures, the amended and restated debentures are convertible at the option of each holder into shares of Company common stock at a conversion price of $10.00 a share, subject to adjustment for stock splits, merger reorganizations and other customary events. The amended and restated warrants will be exercisable for up to an aggregate of up to 1,460,000 shares of our common stock, or 244,000 more shares than are currently purchasable under the original warrants, at an initial exercise price of $10.00 per share, or $1.30 less than the original exercise price of the warrants. The exercise price of the warrants was subject to reduction in connection with a “going public event,” such as the Merger based upon the “VWAP” (i.e., volume-weighted average trading price) of the Company common stock at the time of the Merger. The exercise price also will be subject to adjustment for stock splits and other customary events. Upon completion of the Merger, the exercise price of the warrants and the number of underlying warrant shares were adjusted based upon “exchange ratio” in the Merger. Subsequent to the Merger, exercise price of the warrants was adjusted in accordance with their terms to $5.87 per share based upon the VWAP of the Company common stock on the day following completion of the Merger.
A summary of outstanding warrants as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is presented below:
A summary of outstanding warrants by year issued and exercise price as of September 30, 2019 is presented below:
Summary of Plans – Upon completion of the Merger, the EMI Amended and Restated 2011 Stock Incentive Plan was assumed by the Company. The 2011 Stock Incentive Plan permits grants of incentive stock options to employees, including executive officers, and other share-based awards such as stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, stock units, stock bonus and unrestricted stock awards to employees, directors, and consultants. The Company also maintains a 2012 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan under which the Company may grant incentive stock options to selected employees including officers, non-employee consultants and non-employee directors. All outstanding stock options under the 2012 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan were fully vested prior to the merger.
Stock options—During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company granted options to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock. The options have an exercise price of $10.30 per share. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company granted stock options to purchase up to 357,000 shares of Company common stock. All of the options are exercisable for ten years of from the date of grant and will vest and become exercisable with respect to the underlying shares as follows: as to one‑third (1/3) of the share on the first anniversary of the grant date, and as to the remaining two‑thirds (2/3) of the shares in twenty‑four (24) approximately equal monthly installments over a period of two years thereafter.
Upon completion of the Merger, the option exercise prices and number of underlying option shares were adjusted based upon “exchange ratio” in the Merger.
A summary of outstanding stock options as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are presented below.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recognized approximately $3.5 million and $1.7 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense arising from stock options, including $1.9 million of one-time adjustments resulting from the Merger As of September 30, 2019, there was approximately $1.7 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements granted under the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. That expense is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average remaining period of 1.9 years.
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef