|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
NOTE 5 — INVESTMENTS
Investment in convertible bond - On September 28, 2020, the Company entered into a convertible bond purchase agreement pursuant to which it purchased at face value a convertible bond of Telcon in the principal amount of approximately $26.1 million which matures on October 16, 2030 and bears interest at the rate of 2.1% per year, payable quarterly. Beginning October 16, 2021, the Company became entitled on a quarterly basis to call for early redemption of all or any portion of the principal amount of the convertible bond. The convertible bond is convertible at the holder’s option at any time and from time to time into common shares of Telcon at an initial conversion price of KRW9,232, or approximately $8.00 per share. The initial conversion price is subject to downward adjustment monthly based on the volume-weighted average market price of Telcon shares as reported on Korean Securities Dealers Automated Quotations Market and in the event of the issuance of Telcon shares or share equivalents at a price below the market price of Telcon shares or upon a merger or similar reorganization of Telcon or a stock split, reverse stock split, stock dividend or similar event. The conversion price as of September 30, 2022 is set forth in the “Investment in convertible bond” table below. The convertible bond and any proceeds therefrom, including proceeds from any exercise of the early redemption right described above or the call option described below, are pledged as collateral to secure the Company’s obligations under the API Supply Agreement and revised API Agreement with Telcon described in Note 6 and Note 11.
Concurrent with the purchase of the convertible bond, the Company entered into an agreement dated September 28, 2020 pursuant to which Telcon or its designee is entitled to repurchase, at par, up to 50% in principal amount of the convertible bond at any time and from time to time commencing October 16, 2021 and prior to maturity.
The Company has elected the fair value option method of accounting for the investment in convertible bond. The investment in convertible bond is classified as an available for sale security and remeasured at fair value on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs, with any changes in the fair value option recorded in other comprehensive income (loss). The fair value and any changes in fair value in the convertible bond is determined using a binominal lattice model. The model produces an estimated fair value based on changes in the price of the underlying common stock over successive periods of time.
In February 2022, the Company and Telcon agreed to settle a “target shortfall” under the revised API agreement with Telcon for the years ended 2020 and 2021 by exchanging KRW3.5 billion, or approximately US$2.9 million, principal amount and accrued and unpaid interest of the Telcon convertible bond and KRW400 million, or approximately US$310,000, in cash proceeds of the convertible bond. As a result, the Company realized a net loss on investment convertible bond of $126,000, which previously was classified as unrealized loss on debt securities available-for-sale in the other comprehensive income, and other income of $41,000. See Notes 6 and 11 for additional information on the “target shortfall.”
The following table sets forth the fair value and changes in fair value of the investment in the Telcon convertible bond as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
The fair value as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was based upon following assumptions:
Equity method investment – During 2018, the Company and Japan Industrial Partners, Inc., or JIP, formed EJ Holdings, Inc., or EJ Holdings, to acquire, own and operate a shuttered amino acids manufacturing facility in Ube, Japan. In connection with the formation, the Company invested approximately $32,000 in exchange for 40% of EJ Holdings voting shares. JIP owns 60% of EJ
Holdings voting shares. In October 2018, the Company entered into a loan agreement with EJ Holdings under which the Company made an unsecured loan to EJ Holdings in the amount of $13.2 million. The loan proceeds were used by EJ Holdings to purchase the Ube facility in December 2019 and pay related taxes. The loan matures on September 30, 2028 and bears interest at the annual rate of 1%, payable annually. The parties also contemplated that the Ube facility would eventually supply the Company with the facility’s output of amino acids and that the operation of the facility would be principally for the Company’s benefit and, as such, that major decisions affecting EJ Holdings and the Ube facility would be made by EJ Holdings’ board of directors, a majority of which are representatives of JIP, in consultation with the Company. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company made an additional $4.2 million of loans to EJ Holdings. As of September 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the loans receivable from EJ Holdings were approximately $21.7 million and $22.6 million, respectively, as reflected in equity method investment on the consolidated balance sheets.
EJ Holdings is engaged in retrofitting the Ube facility in order to seek regulatory approvals for the manufacture of PGLG in accordance with cGMP. EJ Holdings has had no substantial revenues since its inception, has depended on loans from the Company to acquire the Ube facility and fund its operations and will continue to be dependent on loans from the Company or other financing unless and until the Ube facility is activated and EJ Holdings can secure customers for its products. There is no assurance the Company will be able to continue to provide loan financing to support EJ Holdings’ activities at the Ube facility or that EJ Holdings will be able to obtain other financing. If EJ Holdings is unable to obtain financing, it may need to seek to sell all or part of the Ube facility. In such event, the Company could lose all or part of its investment.
The Company has determined that EJ Holdings is a variable interest entity, or VIE, based upon its dependence upon loan financing provided by the Company to acquire the Ube facility and fund EJ Holdings’ activities, which are principally for the Company’s benefit. JIP, however, owns 60% of EJ Holdings and is entitled to designate a majority of the directors of EJ Holdings and its Chief Executive Officer and outside auditors, and, as such, controls the management, business, and operations of EJ Holdings. Accordingly, the Company accounts for its variable interest in EJ Holdings under the equity method.
The Company’s share of the loss reported by EJ Holdings are classified as net loss on equity method investment. The investment is evaluated for impairment and if facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable, an impairment charge would be recorded.
The following table sets forth certain financial information of EJ Holdings for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for investment holdings. This includes the long positions of investments for the entity. It contains investments in affiliated and unaffiliated issuers. The investments include securities and non securities (i.e. commodities and futures contracts).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef